Mainland Chinese Truck Market Remains Bearish with Supply Chain Shocks



Mainland Chinese medium- and hefty-obligation trucks (MHDTs) have
entered a bear market place considering the fact that mid-2021. Whilst the market place staged a
slight recovery next the easing of electrical power shortages and
injection of plan stimulus from late final year, sudden
headwinds introduced by the Russia-Ukraine crisis and domestic Omicron
outbreak plunged the current market back again into weak spot in the second
quarter of 2022. Amid pandemic-induced lockdowns in Jilin and
Shanghai, output of MHDT hit the cheapest studying for April more than
a ten years. In our Could forecast, we downgraded the mainland Chinese
MHDT production for 2022 by 5% to 1.13 million models, a drop of
23% when compared with 2021.

External geopolitical tensions push up producer expenditures

As raw components depict 20-30% of the expense of manufacturing for
weighty vehicles, raw substance expenses partially figure out the
profitability of truck producers. Owing to the world economic
restoration from the COVID-19 scare, commodity prices have
gone through an upcycle considering that late 2020. The rally attained a lot more steam
in the initially quarter of 2022 with the outbreak of the
Russia-Ukraine war. Especially, the cold-rolled metal cost that
accounts for around 60% of the full raw materials fees for a weighty
truck surged by 3% in March 2022 from the amount of January,
growing the progress to a lot more than 40% as when compared to the same
period of 2020. Also, the diesel value raised by 15% and passed the
RMB9,000 per metric ton mark through January-March 2022. In
contrast, the movement of promoting prices for hefty vans were
fairly flat below slack desire, as gas price tag inflation elevated
the working costs whilst oversupplied trucking constrained freight
charge growth. As a final result, the truck producers’ getting and
selling selling prices logged important differentiation, in spite of an
increase in rate of CN6-amount styles. These kinds of weak inflation
move-through result has designed truck makers to bear the brunt of the
income margin squeeze especially just after dumping of CN5-amount vehicles.
With the Russia-Ukraine crisis envisioned to deepen into 2023,
short-phrase truck creation is thus minimize by close to 25,000 units
in the May well outlook.

Inner pandemic resurgences exacerbate source chain

The Omicron wave experienced induced large lockdowns in Jilin
Province (March 11-April 28), Shenzhen City (March 14-20), and
Shanghai Metropolis (March 28-Might 31) due to the fact March 2022, ensuing in
common business enterprise disruptions and logistics snarls. Even though
there are number of MHDT companies in the epicenters of the pandemic,
Changchun City and Shanghai Metropolis host in excess of 40 significant provide bases
serving main factors to mainstream versions covering higher than 90% of
truck creation. Starting from mid-April, FAW Jiefang’s Changchun
plant and most suppliers managed to resume perform in the shut-loop
technique, but labor shortages beneath the mobility control disabled
them to operate at ordinary capability. Meanwhile, arduous
containment measures this kind of as website traffic restrictions, nucleic acid
exam and quarantine demands, as properly as closure of toll
stations pent up highway freight need and caused broader repercussions
of ingredient shortages, which in turn dampening truck creation.
Less than the conditions, the whole decline of MHDT creation in the
second quarter is believed to access 100,000 units. With ramping up
attempts to smooth logistics and restore company, the get the job done
resumption fee of enterprises higher than designated sizing in Shanghai
Metropolis enhanced to 96% by mid-June and will totally get better from July.
Coupled with expansionary insurance policies and sufficient potential
reserves, these could assistance MHDT manufacturing to select up and offset
the pandemic-induced reduction in the next 50 percent.

A more downgrade to outlook is less than evaluation, as the
government’s reliance on the “dynamic zero-COVID” system and
cash outflows led by the Fed’s tightened cycle are probably to
weaken company sentiment and subdue need recovery. On the other
hand, the rebuilding of seller inventories of CN6-stage MHDTs
climbed from 280,000 models in early this 12 months to 380,000 units by
April, way increased than the typical fees of 150,000-170,000 units.
Also, there were being extra than 70,000 units CN5-amount new
vehicles (offered as employed vehicles) remaining in the current market, exacerbating
de-stocking pressures.


Posted 06 July 2022 by Cassie Liu, Automotive Analyst, IHS Markit&#13


This short article was released by S&P International Mobility and not by S&P Global Rankings, which is a individually managed division of S&P World-wide.


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